5 Indian Medicinal Plants: Anti-Diabetic Potential – Vedroot

Indian Medicinal Plants: Anti-Diabetic Potential


Diabetes mellitus is a major health problem that affects millions of people around the world. India has both ancient and modern medicine, and people have used medicinal plants for a long time to treat a wide range of health problems, including diabetes. Ayurveda, Siddha, and Unani are traditional methods of medicine that have used natural remedies for hundreds of years. In the past few years, scientists have been mainly studying how well and safely these medical plants can help people with diabetes. This article talks about some important Indian medicinal plants that are known to help people with diabetes. It uses study and reliable sources to back up its claims.

Indian Medicinal Plants

The plant Gymnema sylvestre

The herb Gymnema sylvestre, which is also known as Gurmar, comes from the tropical jungles of India. Gurmar has been used to treat diabetes in traditional Ayurvedic medicine because it can lower blood sugar. Active ingredients in Gurmar have been found, including gymnemic acids, which help lower blood sugar by increasing insulin production and encouraging the growth of new pancreatic beta cells. A study in the journal Pharmacognosy Reviews said that Gymnema sylvestre helped animals with diabetes by making insulin production higher and lowering glucose absorption in the gut.

Motherwort charantia, or Bitter Melon

Momordica charantia is a food that is often called Bitter Melon or Karela. It is used a lot in Indian cooking and traditional medicine. Several bioactive chemicals in bitter melon, such as vicine, charantin, and polypeptide-p, have been shown to help fight diabetes. According to a study in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Bitter Melon can make insulin work better, stop the liver from making glucose, and help peripheral cells take in more glucose. Researchers have also found that Bitter Melon may help protect pancreas beta cells from damage caused by oxidative stress.

Fenugreek, or Trigonella foenum-graecum

Methi, which is another name for fenugreek, is a popular spice used in Indian food and traditional medicine. Its seeds have a lot of alkaloids, such as trigonelline, and soluble fibre. A study in the International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research says that fenugreek seeds can lower blood sugar by slowing down the absorption of carbohydrates and making insulin work better. Additionally, research shows that fenugreek may help lower cholesterol levels in diabetics, which may lower the risk of heart problems that come with having diabetes.

Neem tree, Azadirachta indica

Neem, whose scientific name is Azadirachta indica, is a useful medicine plant that has many health advantages. Ayurvedic medicine has used neem for its ability to fight diabetes. Bioactive chemicals like nimbin and nimbidin, which are found in neem leaves and seeds, can help lower blood sugar. Some research released in Pharmacognosy Research found that neem extracts could lower blood sugar by making insulin work better and protecting beta cells in the pancreas. Because neem is an antioxidant, it may also help people with diabetes by lowering the oxidative stress that comes with diabetes problems.

Jaun grass (Syzygium cumini)

The fruit tree Syzygium cumini is from India and is also known as Jamun or Indian Blackberry. Different parts of the Jamun tree, like the fruit, nuts, and leaves, have been used for a long time to treat diabetes. A study in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology shows that Jamun can help people with diabetes because it has a lot of anthocyanins and ellagic acid. Studies show that extracts from Jamun can help diabetics control their blood sugar levels by improving glucose metabolism, increasing insulin production, and stopping the breakdown of carbohydrates.

What is Tinospora cordifolia (Guduchi)?

Tinospora cordifolia, which is also called Guduchi or Giloy, is a climbing shrub that is used in Ayurveda for its medical benefits. Guduchi is known for its ability to boost the immune system and fight diabetes. Researchers have shown that Guduchi products can improve glucose tolerance and make pancreatic beta cells make more insulin. A study in Frontiers in Pharmacology says that Guduchi can help people with diabetes because it lowers insulin resistance and changes the activity of key enzymes that help the body use carbohydrates.

Getting the Most Out of Medical Plants

The medical plants we’ve talked about so far are just a small part of India’s wide range of plants that can help people with diabetes. Traditional knowledge has known for a long time that these plants can be used as medicine. However, new scientific research is showing us how they work and how they might be used to control diabetes. Combining traditional medicine with research that has been proven to work is important for creating diabetes treatments that are both safe and successful.

It’s important to remember that even though medicinal plants may offer exciting natural ways to control diabetes, they should only be used carefully and with the help of a doctor. Dosage, possible drug combinations, and differences in how each person responds are all things that need to be thought about. In addition, more study needs to be done to find out how well and safely these medicinal plants can be used to treat diabetes.

In conclusion

India’s wide range of plant species provides a huge collection of medicines that may help people with diabetes. Researchers can find new ways to treat and prevent diabetes by combining traditional knowledge with scientific rigour. This will eventually improve the quality of life for people who have this long-term condition. The continued study and protection of medicinal plants shows how important it is to protect biodiversity for long-term health answers.


Ozougwu, J. “Nigerian Medicinal Plants With Anti-Diabetic and Anti-Hypertensive Properties.” European Journal of Medicinal Plants, vol. 21, no. 3, Sciencedomain International, Dec. 2017, pp. 1–9. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.9734/ejmp/2017/37468.

Myint, Phyu Phyu. “Anti-diabetic Potential of Some Myanmar Traditional Medicinal Plants.” International Journal of Complementary & Alternative Medicine, vol. 8, no. 2, MedCrave Group, LLC, July 2017. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.15406/ijcam.2017.08.00252.

Grover, J. K., et al. “Medicinal Plants of India With Anti-diabetic Potential.” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 81, no. 1, Elsevier BV, June 2002, pp. 81–100. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.1016/s0378-8741(02)00059-4.


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